Field Guide to Turtle Island

How to Look, Like an Indian


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Farm to Cafeteria Initiatives

farm_to_cafeteria❝ Diversity among the many tribal communities in the United States demands a diversity of “farm to cafeteria” programs to address the many barriers facing the Indigenous community. As a result, most tribal food sovereignty and farm to cafeteria advocates have taken the route of starting change at a community level. Farm to cafeteria programs in tribal areas can have varied focus areas including: creating school gardens, establishing a network of local farmers that provide food to the schools, educating the community about nutrition and agriculture through hands-on activities and presentations, operating a tribally owned farm, forming a convenient home-delivery Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) program, revamping school curriculum, or revitalizing local food traditions on the reservations such as repopulation of bison herds or growing hominy corn. ❞

Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism

ipcb❝ The IPCB is organized to assist indigenous peoples in the protection of their genetic resources, indigenous knowledge, cultural and human rights from the negative effects of biotechnology. The IPCB provides educational and technical support to indigenous peoples in the protection of their biological resources, cultural integrity, knowledge and collective rights. … The IPCB is a service-based organization that provides community education and outreach to tribal governments, institutions, organizations, and individuals. We maintain an on-going research agenda of ethically questionable research happening within indigenous communities, both nationally and internationally. The IPCB provides intervention and technical support to tribes who are negatively impacted by genetic reseearch, as well as those tribes who are interested in proactive protection. ❞

National Aboriginal Forestry Association

nafa❝ The overall goal of NAFA is to promote and support increased Aboriginal involvement in forest management and related commercial opportunities. In the working toward this goal, NAFA is committed to holistic or multiple-use forestry, which implies the rebuilding and the sustainable development of the forest resource to serve a multitude of community needs, among those being the protection of wildlife and traditional food stuff habitat, protection of fur bearers, protection of clean and adequate supplies of water, establishment of forested areas for recreation and tourism attractions, traditional cultural and spiritual use, as well as the production of fibre for timber, pulp and paper and other wood by-products. Key to the concept of holistic forestry is the idea of community based strategies for transforming this resource ethic into reality. … NAFA is a grass roots initiative backed by First Nations and other Aboriginal groups and organizations that function at either the regional or community level in the area of forestry. ❞

Community Garden Project

TCEDC❝ Over the last 300 years, both Hispanics and Native Americans inhabiting the Taos Valley developed a successful agricultural economy. Farming was a traditional lifestyle for generation upon generation. During the past decades this self-sufficient base has eroded, due to the transition to a wage economy, dependence on tourism, and the availability of cheaper agricultural products produced elsewhere. Lands that were traditionally farmed by residents of northern New Mexico have fallen out of production. Taos County now faces endemic economic depression and stagnation due to its lack of diversification and the atrophy of its agricultural economic base. Taos County Economic Development Corporation (TCEDC) has sought to address this problem through several economic diversification programs focusing on agricultural development. … TCEDC has established the Community Garden Project. Participating community members will take part in the planning, planting, cultivation, harvest, processing and sales of 1 acre of vegetables, herbs, and flowers at the TCEDC project site. The experience provides educational, life-skills, and work-training opportunities. ❞

Traditional Knowledge and Climate Science Toolkit

unu❝ Indigenous communities have long, multi-generational histories of interaction with the environment that include coping with variability, uncertainty and change. However, climate induced impacts on their territories and communities are anticipated to be both early and severe due to their location in vulnerable habitats, including small islands, high altitude zones, desert margins and the circumpolar Arctic. Climate change poses a direct threat to many indigenous societies due to their continuing reliance upon resource-based livelihoods. At the same time, resilience in the face of a changing environment is embedded in indigenous knowledge and know-how, diversified resources and livelihoods, social institutions and networks, and cultural values and attitudes. Attentiveness to environmental variability, shifts and trends is an integral part of their ways of life. Community-based and local knowledge may offer valuable insights on climate induced changes, and complement broader-scale scientific research with local precision and nuance. Indigenous societies have elaborated coping strategies to deal with unstable environments, and in some cases, are already actively adapting to early climate change impacts. While the transformations due to climate change are expected to be unprecedented, indigenous knowledge and coping strategies provide a crucial foundation for community-based adaptation measures. ❞

Ancient Wisdom, Modern Science

ancient❝ Ancient Wisdom, Modern Science is a collection of essays examining the experiences of Native American tribally controlled colleges and universities working to “Indianize” their math and science curricula. Inspired by the writings of the late Vine Deloria and other Indian scholars, tribal college faculty and key administrators are attempting to take control of the science curriculum and create courses and entire degree programs that link Native and Western ways of knowing. With growing confidence, colleges are validating traditional tribal knowledge and exploring scientific concepts from a Native perspective. ❞,674807.aspx

Water Quality Certificate

fortbelknap❝ The goal of the Water Quality program is to provide the graduates with the knowledge and skills for initial employment in water quality technology industry. Graduates will be able to: Display knowledge of water abundance and availability in U.S. and the laws that govern these water sources including knowledge of economics of water adjudication, water rights and water compacts at the tribal, state, federal, and local level. … Strongly recommended: NRS 205 Treaty Rights / Water Law ❞

Associate of Science in Natural Resources

platefortbelknap❝ The goal of the Natural Resources Program is to provide skills for entry-level employment opportunities and continuation of education in forestry, fish and wildlife management, biology, water quality, soil conservation, and range conservation. The student will acquire a basic knowledge of natural resources, environmental issues and traditional cultural values. Graduates will be able to: Develop an appreciation for the natural resources that are used in our everyday lives. Illustrate awareness towards the natural environment, and be able to articulate their role on a global scale. Use critical thinking to identify and analyze environmental issues. Develop an appreciation for earth processes. ❞

Natural Resources Program

aaniiih❝ It is a unique combination of theory and practical experience. Classroom learning is relevant to those Natural Resources found on the reservation here at Fort Belknap. A great emphasis is placed on problem solving of current environmental issues as well as developing plans for the future use of resources to ensure their sustainability. … All the projects and integrated activities would be meaningless unless conducted from the spirit of the heart with the realization that we as Native American students are responsible for restoring and maintaining our “place” here on Mother Earth. We have joined hands, heart and minds with the local Tribal Colleges and others in this endeavor; may we all help to develop a new paradigm to ensure the circle of life is never broken. ❞

Anishinaabe Seed Library

squash❝ We give out seeds for free to anyone who would like to grow a particular fruit or vegetable. All we ask is for you to save the seeds after harvest and return double the amount you took out, back to the library. … We have available some very old varieties with amazing stories. Recently we were given a few seeds from a squash that was dated at 850 years! These seeds were found in a clay ball near the Minnesota/Wisconsin border in an archeological dig. We have grown out these seeds for the last two years, and now have plenty of seeds to share. ❞